TAYLOR, Texas — Scott & White Hospital – Taylor, a part of Baylor Scott & White Health, has achieved re-designation as a Basic Level IV trauma Facility in Trauma Service Area-O by the Texas Department of State Health Services. As part of the redesignation process, Scott & White Hospital – Taylor was commended for its ongoing commitment to ensure quality care is available for trauma patients in its area. The hospital has been a designated Level IV Trauma Center since 2005.
Per the Department of State Health Services (DSHS), a basic (Level IV) Trauma Facility provides resuscitation, stabilization, and assessment of injury victims and either provides treatment or arranges for appropriate transfer to a higher level designated trauma facility; provides ongoing educational opportunities in trauma related topics for health care professionals and the public; and implements targeted injury prevention programs.
“Our redesignation confirms our ongoing commitment to providing emergency care to the Taylor and surrounding communities,” said Kevin Smith, COO of Scott & White Round Rock Region Hospitals. “We’re honored to have received this prestigious re-designation.”
According to the Emergency Nurses Association (ENA), trauma is the first leading cause of death for those younger than age 44 and unintentional injury is the fifth leading cause of death for all ages combined in the country. Many injuries don’t result in death, but nonetheless place a burden on individuals, the health care system, and society.
Per the American College of Surgeons 2006 Resources for the Optimal Care of the Injured Patient, Level IV trauma facilities provide advanced trauma life support before patient transfer in areas where no higher level of care is available. An ideal trauma system uses an all-encompassing approach with various levels of trauma centers that work cooperatively in the care of injured patients to provide optimal care in a cost-effective manner.
The designation level (I, II, III, or IV) is a ranking of resource depth. In 1994, there were seven hospitals designated as a trauma center. Currently, Texas has 280 designated trauma centers: 16 Level I, 17 Level II, 51 Level III, and 196 Level IV. Scott & White Hospital – Round Rock is also a Level IV trauma center.
Level IV trauma centers play a vital role in the state’s trauma system. All trauma centers see the same types of injuries with falls and motor vehicle crashes being the most common regardless of designation level. Per the ENA, only about 3% of patients arrive in the ER by EMS which means the first medical contact of many trauma patients is your local hospital emergency department. At a trauma-designated facility, emergency medicine physicians and nurses are required to have trauma specific continuing education and maintain specialized certification in trauma and resuscitation. This training is vital in the assessment and stabilization of the trauma patient prior to transfer to a higher level of care.